The Lucknow Pact was conceived by _____.

A. Lord Curzon

B. Lord Wavell

C. Lord Harding

D. Lord Chelmsford


The Lucknow Pact was an agreement reached between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League (AIML) at a joint session of both the parties held in Lucknow in December 1916. Through the pact, the two parties agreed to allow representation to religious minorities in the provincial legislatures.

Both parties presented some common demands to the British. They demanded:

1. The number of elected seats on the councils should be increased.

2. Laws/Motions which were passed by large majorities in the councils should be accepted as bindings by the British Government.

3. Minorities in the provinces should be protected.

4. All provinces should be granted autonomy.

5. Separating the executive from the judiciary

6. At least half of the members of the Executive Council being elected, the Legislative council having a majority of elected members

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